Geography of Araria

The factors that turn Araria an important location in the geographical context should be highlighted to judge this region to the best extent possible. It is one of the few districts of Bihar that shares international border with Nepal. The climatic condition of Araria also varies from the rest districts even the nearest ones like Kishanganj and Purnia for some extent. This region is famous as wettest of all areas in Bihar due to too much rainfall. Frequent flooding is a common scene here. Its fertile land suits for agricultural activities. Araria is one of the few areas where many crops, vegetables and fruits are produced.

Geography of Araria

Location of Araria

Geographically Araria district is located at 26.15°N 87.52°E and it situates at an average 47 metres or 154 feet elevation. Situated at northern part of Bihar, Araria shares its borders with Purnia, Madhepura, Kishanganj and international border of Nepal with sister city Biratnagar across the border. Northeastern side of this district is surrounded by Nepal while Supaul district covers it from eastern and southwestern side. Araria was part of the erstwhile Purnia district until 1990 when this new district was carved out from that. Its closeness to the countries like Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan makes it strategically important in the region especially in the context of country’s security. The Morang district of Nepal starts with the last point of India from Jogbani borders which is part of this district.
Although Kosi River has by now changed its path but it crosses through the Araria district. Panaar is the famous river of this district. It is an undeniable fact that regular flooding often proves catastrophic for this region but abundant water and fertile lands of this region has equally proves beneficial for agriculture purpose.

Climate of Araria

Overall climate of Araria is humid subtropical but it also welcomes ample flexibilities in the weather conditions. Average summer temperature goes high at often 47°C while winter months don’t drop down less than 6°C. The monsoon moths are the period when this region sees too much rainfall. At times it sees thunderstorms. Flooding is common here. The rest months of the year are pleasant enough to explore this area without facing any climatic problems. NH 57 runs through this district and so are many branch roads that connect this district with the rest parts of the state.

Topography of Araria

As Araria is mainly an agrarian region, entire district is enriched with agrarian lands. Its soil is best suited to produce various types of crops, vegetables and fruits. By now no minerals have been found in this area. It definitely has ample sandy areas as well that makes it easy for the people to use such areas for multiple purposes. River banks of this district is perfect in terms of collecting sands for building materials and so are rivers known for fishing purposes.

Soil Texture of Araria

Entire Araria district fits for agrarian activities. Its soil texture best suits for the production of crops such as paddy, maize, pulses and different categories of vegetable stuffs. Many local fruits are also produced here due to the suiting of its soil for that purpose.

Vegetation of Araria

Although no organized vegetation has been planned in Araria but due to the rich soil of this region it has welcomed too much forestation over the centuries. Every portion of the district witnesses forestry which makes it one of the greenest regions in the area. It is also possible due to heavy rainfall. Variety of trees is found in this area.

Rivers in Araria

Araria remains in the limelight in the entire region coming under the Purnia Division for housing several rivers. Some of them are major rivers that pass through it while a few smaller rivers are also there in this district. Kosi, Suwara, Kali, Koli and Panaar are the major rivers that pass through Araria district in Bihar.

Geographical details of Araria

Country: India
State: Bihar
Region: Purnia
Altitude: 154 feet elevation above sea level
Location: 26.15°N 87.52°E
Climate: Humid Sub tropical
Summer Temperature: 47°C (Maximum), 20°C (Minimum)
Winter Temperature: 20°C (Maximum), 06°C (Minimum)


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